Forest Governance is regarded as key topic for reducing deforestation and degradation in the tropics. International forest policy processes support the concept. Forest Governance is perceived as broad and comprehensive approach, including (i) legislation and institutions (ii) tenure and use rights (iii) land use planning, as well as (iv) benefit sharing and incentives.
In many countries promising frameworks have de jure been created during the last decades. However, the de facto situation on the ground is often challenging. Specifically institutional structures are ineffective or missing and law enforcement is limited. This creates a weak basis for the development of sustainable policy approaches.
The project combines quantitative and qualitative approaches. On one hand, it relies on indicator systems developed under the auspices of the Worldbank (KISHOR, KENNETH 2012) or by the World Resources Institute (DAVIS ET AL. 2013).
On the other hand qualitative methods and expert judgment are indispensable (e.g. WERTZ-KANOUNNIKOFF,MCNEILL 2012). The de jure situation is documented and analyzed based on literature studies; additional informationis assessed in the countries at different scales (national, regional, local, households).
De facto governance is assessed through expert interviews and participating observation. On national and community level decision makers are identified and asked for interviews. On community level workshops will provide a basis for participatory rural appraisals. Household interviews are used for triangulation and acquisition of detail information. Governance information is thus spatially explicitly expressed and assigned to institutions.
Within WP6 this provides the basis for simulating effects of good governance on land use types and efficiencyof land use systems (WP2) as well as on the socio-economic environment of land users.